Radiometric dating of the siloam tunnel jerusalem

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Expanding on Parker’s claim that the chief engineer would have most likely sanctioned the inscription after the completion of the tunnel, Graham Davies asserts that the handwriting resembles a more cursive form of writing as opposed to a more ceremonial or proper style of writing that was common among building dedications at the time.Davies also remarks that the obscure and esoteric nature of both where the text is located in the tunnel and the verbiage chosen to portray an anonymous person, culminate in representing a sense of pride amongst the workers of their accomplishments. Was Jerusalem ever surrounded by pointed stakes, as Jesus foretold would happen?In his prophecy concerning the destruction of Jerusalem, Jesus said of that city: “Days will come upon you when your enemies will build around you a fortification with pointed stakes and will encircle you and distress you from every side.” (Luke ) Jesus’ words came true in the year 70 C. when the Romans, commanded by Titus, erected a siege wall, or palisade, around the city.With the ancient Hebrew text heavily obscured by lime and the difficulty on the part of the decipherer to discriminate between cracks in the rock and actual letters, the first attempt at translating the inscription proved fruitless.Nonetheless word of the discovery spread around Jerusalem, and in the following year of 1881, A. Sayce endeavored to forge a revised transcribing of the Siloam Inscription after applying an acid to remove the lime and a series of squeezes were lifted of the text.[2] The Siloam Inscription differs greatly from a typical dedication of a building project from the region and time period, as it makes no mention of a king that commissioned the undertaking in the first place, contrary to the biblical account of King Hezekiah in 2 Kgs.Watch an exclusive video of the authors’ groundbreaking work.See all Media Fredric Brandfon The Menorah: Worship, History and Myth, a major exhibition on display at the Vatican Museum and the Jewish Museum in Rome, provides dramatic images of the Temple Menorah.

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It is one of the longest ancient water tunnels without intermediate shafts. Curry Armstrong State University Hailing from the Levant, an area “whose ancient civilization both parallels, and is distinct from, that of Egypt and Mesopotamia…(and) in its present geopolitical landscape comprises Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, and Palestine,” the Siloam Inscription dwells at the heart of much debate with regards to the accurate dating of the inscription, the nature of its discovery, and the historical context surrounding its inception.[1] With the cautious readings and analysis of biblical texts, epigraphic sources, Assyrian accounts, and various archeological and material remains expounded by radioisotope dating, the Siloam Inscription appears to denote the construction of Hezekiah’s Tunnel during a time of urgent wartime preparations Though the tunnel in which the Siloam Inscription had been etched was discovered in 1837, the inscription itself would remain unnoticed until 1880.After a man slipped while walking through the tunnel and while rising back to his feet noticed what resembled writing on the wall, the Siloam Inscription, finally revealed, no longer remained obscured by the darkness and high water levels in the shaft.: “As for the other events of Hezekiah’s reign, all his achievements and how he made the pool and the tunnel by which he brought water into the city, are they not written in the book of the annals of the kings of Judah?”[3] Since the inscription does not commit itself to a specific deity or reigning monarch at the time of its dedication, Simon Parker argues that while King Hezekiah may have commissioned the tunnel (as the biblical record states), the inscription was most likely written independently of the royal scribes and “that the inscription was produced by or for the ‘civil engineer’ who planned and supervised the project…he would have been proudest of the measurements, and he would have been most interested in recording these things and most anxious that such a record be inconspicuous and that his name not be displayed on it.”[4] Indeed the inscription remained well hidden in its dim location a few meters inside the tunnel etched around the height of the waterline.

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